I am sure, if you had elderly people at home, then you have already heard about cataract before. Cataracts or motiyabind is one of the common eye aliments that affects millions of people worldwide. Fortunately, this common eye aliment is easy to cure, and patients can get rid of it by performing a simple eye surgery.
Recently, my mom is diagnosed with cataracts in both her eyes. This diagnosis has given me a little sense of anxiety because I am thousands of miles away from her (USA) and it feel frustrated, when you would not be able to there, when your loved one needs you most.
To overcome my sense of anxiety, I had re-read the information on cataract (as a medico, I had studied cataract in third year of medical school) and learnt all the important aspects of cataract surgery.
What is cataracts? What are surgery indications? What are pre-operative and post-operative measures? And what are the risks and cost for cataracts surgery? Read on to know more.
Cataracts: Causes, symptoms, pre-operative and post-operative care !
What are Cataracts?
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens, which is typically clear. This cloudiness develops over time, obstructing the passage of light and making vision blurry or hazy. Cataracts can form in one or both eyes and are most often associated with aging, though they can also be caused by injury, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions.
Causes of Cataracts
- Age: The primary cause of cataracts is aging. As we grow older, the proteins in the lens of the eye can break down and clump together, leading to clouding.
- Genetics: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to cataracts, making them more likely to develop the condition.
- Trauma: Significant eye injuries can lead to the development of cataracts.
- Medical Conditions: Conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and certain metabolic disorders can increase the risk of cataracts.
- Medications: Prolonged use of corticosteroids and other medications may contribute to cataract formation.
Symptoms of Cataracts
- Blurry Vision: Objects may appear cloudy or blurred, especially in bright light.
- Difficulty Seeing at Night: Night vision can be particularly affected, causing halos around lights.
- Fading of Colors: Colors may appear less vibrant or faded.
- Frequent Changes in Prescription: Glasses or contact lens prescriptions may need to be updated more frequently.
- Sensitivity to Light and Glare: Bright lights can be uncomfortable, and glare may be more pronounced.
Cataract surgery is recommended when the condition starts to significantly impact daily life. Indications for surgery may include:
- Impaired Vision: When cataracts hinder everyday activities like reading, driving, or recognizing faces.
- Reduced Quality of Life: If cataracts hinder participation in hobbies or social activities.
- Safety Concerns: In cases where cataracts interfere with the ability to perform tasks like driving safely.
Pre-Operative care for Cataracts
- Consultation and Evaluation: An ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough eye examination, including measurements for intraocular lens (IOL) selection.
- Medical History Review: The patient’s overall health and any relevant medical conditions or medications will be assessed.
- Discussion of Surgical Options: The surgeon will explain the different types of cataract surgery and help choose the most suitable one.
- Pre-Operative Tests: These may include blood tests, an ECG, and measurements of the eye.
Post- operative care for Cataracts
- Rest and Recovery: Rest is crucial after surgery. Most patients can resume normal activities within a few days.
- Eye Drops and Medications: Prescription eye drops will be provided to prevent infection and inflammation.
- Follow-up Appointments: Regular check-ups are necessary to monitor healing and vision improvement.
- Avoiding Strain and Irritation: Activities like heavy lifting or rubbing the eyes should be avoided.
Risks of Cataracts surgery
- Infection: While rare, there is a small risk of infection after surgery.
- Swelling and Discomfort: Some temporary discomfort and swelling may occur.
- Posterior Capsule Opacification: This is a condition where the lens capsule becomes cloudy, which can be treated with a laser procedure.
Cost of Cataracts Surgery in India
Cataract surgery in India is highly cost-effective compared to many other countries. The cost can vary based on factors such as the type of surgery, the type of lens used, and the location of the clinic. On average, the cost ranges from INR 15,000 to 50,000.
Cataracts can significantly impact quality of life, but with advancements in surgical techniques and accessibility to care, they can be effectively treated. India offers high-quality cataract surgery at a fraction of the cost compared to many other countries, making it a popular destination for patients seeking this procedure. However, it is crucial to consult with a qualified ophthalmologist to determine the best course of action for each individual case. early intervention and proper care are key to treat Cataracts on time and avoid unwanted complications.
My mom had a successful surgery for cataracts in her both eyes. I am feeling a sense of relaxation while drafting this post.
Did you hear about Cataracts surgery before? What are your thoughts? Please share with me.