Allergies: Causes, symptoms & scope of conventional treatment! ( part 1)

causes, symptoms & conventional treatment
Allergies : causes, symptoms & conventional treatment

Allergies are one of the most common distressing aliments that affects a larger number of the population each year. sadly, there is no permanent cure for treating allergies. 

 What are allergies? What are the causes? What are the predominant symptoms?  What is the limitation of conventional treatment to treat allergies?  Read on to know more. 

What are allergies? 

 Allergies develop when the body’s immune system becomes sensitized and overreacts to something in the environment that typically causes no problems in most people.   

As per definition, “Allergies, also known as allergic diseases, are a number of conditions caused by hypersensitivity of the immune system to typically harmless substances in the environment. 

These diseases include hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, and anaphylaxis”. 

Causes of allergies 

According to American Academy of Allergy and Immunology, our immune system controls how our body defends itself.  

If you have an allergy to a specific substance, the immune system identifies that substance as an allergen, then our immune system overreacted by producing antibodies called immunoglobulin E. these antibodies travel to cells that release chemical and causing an allergic reaction. 

Factors that cause allergies 

There are mainly two factors that play a major in the development of seasonal allergies. These are:       

  •   Genetic factors 
  •   Environmental factors 

  Genetic factors 

It means genetic background and a family history of the atopic and allergic disease has been the strongest factor for the development of allergic symptoms. 

 Environmental factors  

Environmental factors such as increased air pollution, dust mites, pet hair, pollen grains and mold are some of the common environmental allergens that causes allergies in large number of populations.  

How allergic symptoms develop? ( Pathology)

Here is an informative infographic to understand the pathology of allergies.

Who is at risk for developing allergies? 

According to center for disease control and prevention, anyone may have or develop an allergy- from a baby born with an allergy to cow milk to a senior citizen who develops hives after taking any new medication. It is true that allergies cannot generally be prevented but the allergic reaction can be. 

Underlying causes of allergies 

There are certain underlying medical conditions such as asthma, unmanaged stress, deviated nasal septum, nasal polyps, recent trauma or illness may be act as an underlying cause of allergies.  

Allergy symptoms 

Though allergy symptoms can range from mild to severe. It also depends on the affected system of the body. It could be prominent respiratory or skin symptoms. The most common symptoms include: 

 Nasal symptoms  

such as: 

  • Nasal congestion 
  • Sneezing 
  •  Running nose  
  •  Stuffy nose   
  • Postnasal drainage 
  •  Loss of smell 

 Eyes symptoms  

such as:     

  • Puffy eyes 
  •  Itchiness 
  • redness in eyes or watery eyes 
  • Respiratory symptoms 
  • Difficult breathing or wheezing 
  •  Coughing 
  •  Scratchy throat 

Ear symptoms  

such as: 

  • Pain in ear 
  • Ear infection or tickling in the ears 

Skin symptoms  

such as hives or eczema 

 General symptoms  

such as: 

  • Fatigue 
  • Body ache 
  • Headache 
  • Loss of appetite 
  •   Irritability 
  • Mood swing 

Here is an infographic that summarize allergic symptoms very well.

Limitation of conventional treatment 

Though there are varieties of symptomatic treatment options are available to control the symptoms of seasonal allergies ranging from antihistamines to decongestant and steroid. These medicines relief the allergy symptoms by blocking or reducing histamine productions, but these Medications had their own limitations.  

They often cause unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, restlessness, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision and confusion. Also, these medicines did not cure the allergies from root, they just relieve the symptom temporary and did not work on the root cause of disease. 

 While it is crucial to use conventional medicines during emergency situations, but other than that there are some natural ways are available to control the severity of annoying allergic symptoms. 

 What are these natural ways? How can we use these remedies at home? Will share all these information in second part of this post. Stay tuned to know more natural ways to control allergic symptoms! 

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